The Criminal Division of the Linn County Attorney's Office is divided into three levels of criminal charges Felony crimes, Indictable Misdemeanors, and Simple Misdemeanors.
- Felony offenses are the most serious crimes established in the Iowa Code and are subject to the possibility of a prison term that is served in a State penal institution.
- In addition to the possible loss of liberty, those convicted of felony offenses stand to lose certain civil rights including the right to vote, hold office or to possess firearms.
- Some occupations require certain bonding or insurance coverage before beginning employment.
- Some insurance companies refuse to bond convicted felons making it difficult to become employed in certain positions.
- Indictable misdemeanors are offenses for which the punishment can be a term of up to one year in the county jail or a term not to exceed two years in prison.
- These offenses are referred to as serious or aggravated misdemeanors.
- The Iowa Code provides for enhanced sentencing for certain repeat offenders (i.e., OWI, Possession of a Controlled Substance, Domestic Assault) that increase the penalties for some misdemeanor offenses to the felony level.
- Simple misdemeanors are the least serious offenses in the Iowa Code and can include traffic offenses.
- Simple misdemeanor offenses include a fine ranging between $65.00 up to $625.00 or the court may order imprisonment not to exceed 30 days in addition to a fine.
- Most traffic offenses have a scheduled fine and the law requires the Clerk to asses a 35% surcharge on the fine as well as $60.00 in court costs.