A food plot is a planted area set aside to act as a supplementary food source for wildlife. The term "food plot" was coined by the US hunting and outdoor industries.
Food plot crops generally consist of but are not limited to:
Legumes (clovers, alfalfa, beans, etc.)
The plants may be annual or perennial. In agricultural areas, food plots may be planted in fields after the crop has been harvested and left standing through the fall, winter, and early spring for the use of wildlife.
A food plot should be located close to a source of cover for the animals and it should be only one part of a comprehensive habitat management program. Ideally a food plot should be small (2 to 4 acres), irregularly shaped and located away from roads.
Food plots differ from revegetation, which stabilizes and rebuilds the soil of disturbed land using naturally growing grasses, legumes, shrubs, and trees. Food plots are intended to feed wildlife rather than rebuild the soil and generally use agricultural forages rather than native or naturally occurring plants.
Food plots can greatly increase the wildlife carrying capacity of a particular ecosystem, enhancing opportunities for hunting or wildlife viewing.